6 sprint retrospective templates for agile teams

FLAP. DAKI. 4 Ls. If you are part of an agile team, you might be familiar with this assortment of acronyms as techniques for retrospective discussions. Using memorable frameworks like these can help to shape your retrospectives, so it is easier to glean insights into your goals, obstacles, and achievements — and improve future sprints.

Sprint retrospectives are most popular among scrum teams, but any agile team can hold retrospective meetings to reflect on other types of work — like recent releases or key projects. To encourage open and fruitful discussions, many teams rely on creative frameworks guided by visual tools or templates.

In this guide, you will learn how such retrospective templates can help freshen and direct your discussions. Plus, access 6 free sprint retrospective templates so you can try these exercises with your own team.

Plan, track, and improve your sprints

What is a sprint retrospective?

Sprint retrospectives are held after a sprint concludes — usually immediately after the sprint review. During the retrospective, agile development teams discuss what went well, what did not go well, and what you can do to make the next sprint even better. This practice is essential to the agile philosophy of continuous improvement. Overall, the emphasis should be on what you have learned and how you can apply those lessons to the next sprint.

Retrospective meetings are a dedicated time to dig into current processes and tools. It is a space to share triumphs as well as areas of concern. And the conversation should lead to an understanding of why the team ran into obstacles and how efforts led to success — talking about underlying causes can help you repeat or avoid similar outcomes in the future.

Everyone should walk away from retrospective discussions with a tangible list of action items to implement in the next sprint. These should be easily achievable tasks that help you either reinforce positive results or reduce negative ones.

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Why do I need a sprint retrospective template?

Sprint retrospectives meetings are a blend of a discussion forum and a working session. Conversation frameworks can support both meeting purposes — bolstering connection and productivity at the same time.

Over the years, scrum masters have devised a number of these frameworks to help guide sprint retrospective discussions — often in the form of diagrams, images, and interactive exercises. Since these techniques have become so popular and effective, agile teams use templatized versions in their discussions.

Before we take a closer look at the templates, here are the main ways your team can benefit from a sprint retrospective template: 

  • Freshness: Retrospectives can get stale over time. A variety of templates helps meetings stay fresh and productive. With so many templates to choose from, even seasoned teams can usually find a new one to try.

  • Openness: Sprint retrospective templates provide a low-pressure way to share authentic feelings — via conversation starters, visuals, and specific questions (e.g. "what is one thing we should stop doing?") versus open-ended ones (e.g. "how do you think the sprint went?").

  • Fairness: Templates encourage full participation. Each teammate spends a few minutes reflecting, sometimes writing ideas on physical or digital sticky notes, and then discussing their thoughts. Taking turns ensures each person's voice is heard — even if they are not the loudest.

  • Direction: Scrum teams collectively own their wins and losses. When discussing poor results, retrospective templates provide guiding prompts that direct discussions on the overall sprint process and avoid scapegoating.

  • Efficiency: A retrospective template keeps the conversation moving. Think of it like a basic agenda — outlining your talking points and previewing the order of events. For scrum teams, this is especially helpful as sprint retrospectives are timeboxed.

  • Knowledge sharing: Collective insights are valuable. Capturing everything in a template lets you revisit learnings later to evaluate how things have improved.

Get started with sprint retrospective templates

During a sprint retrospective, your meeting agenda is simple: introduce the template you will be using, gather input on the last sprint (both positive and negative takeaways), brainstorm ideas for the next one, and choose your action items. Each of the retrospective templates below will help you kickstart engaging conversations — then collect, organize, and act on insights.

4 Ls sprint retrospective template

The four "L's" stand for loved, learned, lacked, and longed for. The 4Ls retrospective template offers a clear structure for examining the positives and negatives of that sprint — both technical and team-related. You might also call this one the "Lessons Learned" exercise.

To use the 4 Ls retrospective template, team members write their takeaways for each "L" and place them in the corresponding box.

Agile sprint retrospective notes template

This simple retrospective template will help you structure your notes, document action items, and run a productive meeting. This is an effective starter template for any agile team regardless of which methodology you follow.

This template is best suited for use by the meeting facilitator or a designated scribe that can take notes for the whole team.

DAKI sprint retrospective template

The DAKI retrospective template is a two-by-two grid. "DAKI" is an acronym for the different discussion items: drop, add, keep, and improve. Briefly, these mean:

  • Drop: What should we remove from our process in the next sprint?

  • Add: What should we add to our process?

  • Keep: What we should continue doing?

  • Improve: Which areas need improvement?

Try this template for a quick and streamlined discussion. Have team members write and share thoughts as sticky notes or comments in each quadrant.

FLAP sprint retrospective template

Another easy acronym to work with is FLAP, which stands for:

  • Future considerations: Based on what we have learned, what should we consider for the next sprint?

  • Lessons learned: What are our top takeaways from the last sprint?

  • Accomplishments: What were the high points of the last sprint?

  • Problems: What were the low points of the last sprint?

The FLAP template is helpful for discussing both the prior sprint and ideas for upcoming work periods. Similar to the 4L's and DAKI templates, team members take turns sharing their ideas for each component of the FLAP template.

Mad, Sad, Glad sprint retrospective template

Mad, Sad, Glad retrospective templates prompt team members to reflect on the past sprint in a more emotional way. Asking everyone to think about what made them feel frustrated, disappointed, or happy can help uncover more personal takeaways.

Start, Stop, Continue sprint retrospective template

The Start, Stop, Continue retrospective template offers a balanced way to examine positives and negatives. Similar to the Starfish retrospective template, it encourages your team to consider how to reinforce positive outcomes. Remember, not every idea for improvement needs to be brand new for each sprint.

In this template (and others), you may find it helpful to use icons or color-coding to indicate categories (e.g. process, tool, and team).

With a collection of retrospective templates handy, you will always have fresh ideas for thoughtful discussions. Try downloading one of these templates for your next retrospective meeting to spark conversation in a new way — or use them as inspiration to create your own.

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