Chinese Lantern Festival
The Lantern Festival, also known as Shangyuan Festival, Little New Year's Day, New Year's Eve or Lantern Festival, is one of the traditional Chinese festivals. The first lunar month is the first month of the lunar calendar. The ancients called "night" as "xiao". The fifteenth of the first month is the first full moon night of the year, so the fifteenth of the first month is called the "Lantern Festival". According to the Taoist "Sanyuan", the fifteenth day of the first lunar month is also called "Shangyuan Festival". The custom of Lantern Festival has been dominated by the custom of warm and festive lantern viewing since ancient times.
The Lantern Festival is a traditional Chinese festival. The formation of the Lantern Festival custom takes a long time. It is rooted in the ancient customs of people turning on lanterns to pray for blessings. Lamps are usually "tested" on the fourteenth night of the first lunar month, and the fifteenth is the "right lamp". The folks should light the lanterns, also known as "send the lanterns", in order to worship the gods and pray for blessings. The introduction of Buddhism culture in the Eastern Han Dynasty also played an important role in the formation of the Lantern Festival custom. In the Yongping reign of Emperor Hanming, Emperor Hanming ordered the 15th night of the first lunar month to "burn the lamp to show the Buddha" in the palace and temples in order to promote Buddhism. Therefore, the custom of burning lanterns on the fifteenth night of the first lunar month gradually expanded in China with the expansion of the influence of Buddhism and later the addition of Taoism. During the Northern and Southern Dynasties, lantern lanterns gradually became popular on the Lantern Festival. Emperor Wu of Liang believed in Buddhism and his palace was lit up on the fifteenth day of the first lunar month. During the Tang Dynasty, cultural exchanges between China and foreign countries became closer, and Buddhism flourished. Officials and people generally "burned lamps for Buddha" on the fifteenth day of the first lunar month, and Buddhist lamps spread throughout the people. From the Tang Dynasty onwards, the lantern lantern has become a legal affair.
The Lantern Festival is one of the traditional festivals between China and the Chinese character cultural circle and overseas Chinese. In foreign countries, the Lantern Festival is also known as The Lantern Festival. With the changes of society and times, the customs and habits of the Lantern Festival have changed a lot, but it is still a traditional Chinese folk festival. Lantern Festival mainly includes a series of traditional folk activities such as viewing lanterns, eating glutinous rice balls, guessing lantern riddles, and setting off fireworks. In addition, many local Lantern Festivals also added traditional folk performances such as dragon lanterns, lion dances, walking on stilts, paddling boats, twisting yangko, and playing Taiping drums. In June 2008, the Lantern Festival was selected as the second batch of national intangible cultural heritage.